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儒家经典有哪些?哪些书是儒家经典?

来源:麒麟网2017-05-12 21:39:53责编:林林人气:
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【内容导读】我们常说“儒家经典”,那么儒家经典到底是什么?哪些书算得上是儒家经典?儒家经典主要有儒学十三经。儒家本有六经,《诗经》、《尚书》、《仪礼》、《乐经》、《周易》、…

我们常说“儒家经典”,那么儒家经典到底是什么?哪些书算得上是儒家经典?

儒家经典主要有儒学十三经。

儒家本有六经,《诗经》、《尚书》、《仪礼》、《乐经》、《周易》、《春秋》。秦始皇"焚书坑儒",据说经秦火一炬,《乐经》从此失传;

东汉在此基础上加上《论语》、《孝经》,共七经;

唐时加上《周礼》、《礼记》、《春秋公羊传》,《春秋榖梁传》、《尔雅》,共十二经;

宋时加《孟子》,后有宋刻《十三经注疏》传世。

《十三经》是儒家文化的基本著作,就传统观念而言:

《易》、《诗》、《书》、《礼》、《春秋》谓之"经",

《左传》、《公羊传》、《谷梁传》属于《春秋经》之"传"

《礼记》、《孝经》、《论语》、《孟子》均为"记"

《尔雅》则是汉代经师的训诂之作。

后来的《四书》指是指《大学》(《礼记》中一篇)、《中庸》(《礼记》中一篇)、《论语》、《孟子》;

五经则指:《周易》、《尚书》、《诗经》、《礼记》、《左传》。

历史解密战史风云野史秘闻风云人物文史百科

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