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王肃伪造经书的原因是什么?王肃伪造经书简介

来源:麒麟网2016-11-23 17:04:27责编:姜和人气:
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【内容导读】三国魏王肃伪造孔安国《尚书传》、《论语》、《孝经注》、《孔子家语》、《孔丛子》五种经书,用以对抗郑玄学派。王肃系三国魏经学家,年轻时从宋忠读《太玄》即能更为之解…

三国魏王肃伪造孔安国《尚书传》、《论语》、《孝经注》、《孔子家语》、《孔丛子》五种经书,用以对抗郑玄学派。

王肃系三国魏经学家,年轻时从宋忠读《太玄》即能更为之解。善贾逵、马融之学,唯不好郑玄之学。

他为与郑玄争胜,遍注群经,不分今文、古文,采会异同,被称为'王学'。同时,他撰《圣证论》十二卷,驳郑玄之说,并伪造孔安国的《尚书传》、《论语》、《孝经注》、《孔子家语》(托名孔安国撰)、《孔丛子》(托名孔鲋撰),让其学生、孔子二十二世孙孔衍为之作证,作为《圣证论》的论据。

魏晋时期,经学的发展主要表现在为经作注和特创义疏之学上。世传《十三经》注,除《孝经》为唐朝人所注外,魏晋人的注占其半,其中便包括王肃伪造的孔安国《尚书传》。王肃伪造经书的目的是为了驳斥郑学,进而取代其地位。他因此借帝王的权威,将其学立于官,使时人皆尊王学而不用郑义,郑学由是大受打击。尽管它属于经学内部的派别之争,但同时也促进了经学的变革与发展,有一定的意义。王著大都散佚。

历史解密战史风云野史秘闻风云人物文史百科

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