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古代服装史大变动时期 魏晋南北朝的服饰文化

来源:麒麟网2017-08-09 11:26:01责编:陈俊倩人气:
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【内容导读】魏晋南北朝是我国古代服装史的大变动时期,这个时候因为大量的胡人搬到中原来住,胡服便成了当时时髦的服装。紧身、圆领、开叉就是胡服的特点。男服服饰:礼服:除了北周以…

魏晋南北朝是我国古代服装史的大变动时期,这个时候因为大量的胡人搬到中原来住,胡服便成了当时时髦的服装。紧身、圆领、开叉就是胡服的特点。

男服服饰:

礼服:除了北周以外,最大礼服祭服,仍只有一种,与汉代大致相同,惟衣裳主色稍有差异。

平冕服:各级的形式、服色大致相同,唯衣裳上的章纹,天子用十二章,三公诸侯用山龙等九章,九卿以下用华虫等七章,天子用刺绣文,公卿用织成文。

北周冕服:北周武帝汉化政策相成功,大力推行中国古代的周礼之制,因此北周的服色制度多根据周礼而定。

委貌冠服:为公卿行卿射礼之礼服。衣黑而裳素,中衣以皂缘为领袖。

朝服:同于汉代,天子与百官之朝服以所戴之冠来区别,亦都有五色朝服,不过汉代平时常朝以皂朝服、绛服为多,而魏晋南北朝则以绛朝服为主。

魏晋南北朝的服饰

通天冠服:魏晋南北朝,各王朝均以此服为天子的朝服,也是次等的礼服。着绛纱袍,皂缘中衣,黑鞋。

远游冠服:为皇太子及诸王所服,着朱衣,绛纱袍,皂缘白纱中衣,白曲领。

百官冠服:以绛纱为主。但陈制较复杂,百官位高者以朱衣为朝服,位卑者,则以皂衣为朝服,皂白纱缘中单。

品色衣:天台近侍及宿卫之官,皆着五色衣,以锦绮馈绣,名曰品色衣。

常衣:主要是裤褶服,用途非常广,可以做朝服、军服、便服、从贵族到庶民均用到它。

女服服饰:

皇后谒庙服:是女性官服中,最隆重的礼服,也是皇后的嫁服。

入庙佐祭服:为妃、嫔、命妇之祭服。在晋及南朝宋、陈均为皂上皂下。

亲蚕服:为皇后行亲蚕礼之礼服,均为青上缥下。

助蚕服:为妃、嫔、命妇助皇后行亲蚕礼之礼服,在晋及南朝陈为缥上缥下。南朝宋为青上青下。

朝服:以上三朝均以为女性之朝服。

比周礼服:女性官服与男性官服同样,非常复杂,用色亦多,与前述朝代大不相同。

历史解密战史风云野史秘闻风云人物文史百科

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