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湖南花鼓戏表演艺术家,张廷玉的介绍

来源:麒麟网2017-07-11 10:56:54责编:桂婷人气:
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【内容导读】张廷玉,衡州花鼓戏著名小生演员。他的唱腔很有特色,喷口有力、字字入耳,腔随字行,婉转动听。在花鼓戏的表演中有诸多代表作,是他一生的心血。接下来,就让我们一起到花…

张廷玉,衡州花鼓戏著名小生演员。他的唱腔很有特色,喷口有力、字字入耳,腔随字行,婉转动听。在花鼓戏的表演中有诸多代表作,是他一生的心血。接下来,就让我们一起到花鼓戏文化中了解张廷玉吧。

湖南花鼓戏表演艺术家,张廷玉的介绍

张廷玉(1910-1966),衡州花鼓戏著名小生演员,衡阳县九里渡张新屋人。六岁时,父死母嫁,孤苦无依,九里渡巫师汤成足怜而收为义子。九岁从邓金生学唱衡州花鼓戏。以演《安安送米》之安安而名噪乡里,甚得老师喜爱,常背负他辗转演出于各地。张廷玉年纪稍大些后,开始学习旦行,因倒嗓,又改学场面(乐师)。

民国十九年(1930),廷玉嗓音渐复,得胜班班主王春和劝他从屈荣卿习小生。首次在《金钏会》中饰张金生,以扮相俊美、眼大有神、表演细腻,获得了满堂彩声。从此“雪伢子”声名风靡衡州花鼓艺坛三十余年。张廷玉擅演穷秀才戏,《杨春龙》、《朱买臣》、《山伯访友》为其代表作。

他演杨春龙,在“东阁相会”一场中,一段四川哭皮唱得缠绵悱恻,催人泪下。他的唱腔很有特色,喷口有力、字字入耳,腔随字行,婉转动听。杨春龙打渔鼓更精彩,揭露嫌贫爱富的刘洪吉的卑劣行为于嬉笑怒骂中,痛快淋漓,百看不厌。

他饰朱买臣,在“吵嫁”一场中,以憨厚反衬崔氏之刁蛮,把朱买臣穷而不俗、憨而非蠢的性格表演得恰到好处。演崔氏的周恩兰说:“和张老师演戏,他能把他拉到戏中去,不会演戏也能演好戏”。张廷玉演戏,剪步走圆场,腰微弓,左手提衣下摆,右手成斜线摆动水袖,身段非常优美,至今犹为小生行所效法。

1955年,张廷玉参加湖南省第二届戏曲观摩会演,在折子戏《水漫蓝桥》中饰魏奎元。这是小生独角戏,唱做并重。张廷玉演技精湛,在演到水漫桥上时,人物心情、水势层次分明,得到中国戏曲研究院罗合如、郭汉城、胡沙等专家的赞许,获演员一等奖。

另外,他的戏路广,饰《追鱼》中披发仗剑之张天师、《刘海砍樵》中幽默诙谐之狐大姐、《生死牌》中老成持重之黄伯希、《柯山红日》中正气凛然之军政委,皆能传神、各臻其妙。所创新腔西湖二流、西湖滚皮、三川调数板已成为衡州花鼓戏的保留腔调。

1956年参加中央文化部举办的第二届全国戏曲演员讲习会学习,受到梅兰芳、程砚秋等艺术大师的教益。并于中南海为毛主席等中央领导表演衡州花鼓小折子戏《水漫蓝桥》,并被吸收为中国戏剧家协会会员。

1950年起至逝世,一直任衡阳市花鼓戏剧团团长。

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