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“尚方宝剑”在古代真的存在吗?“尚方宝剑”的说法源于哪个时代?

来源:麒麟网2017-09-18 09:41:54责编:林林人气:
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【内容导读】看过古装电视剧的我们都知道“尚方宝剑”的存在。这是一把能够代表皇帝部分权力的剑,虽然比不上金科玉律的圣旨,但是也有先斩后奏的功能。不过虽然电视剧这么演,但是“尚…

看过古装电视剧的我们都知道“尚方宝剑”的存在。这是一把能够代表皇帝部分权力的剑,虽然比不上金科玉律的圣旨,但是也有先斩后奏的功能。不过虽然电视剧这么演,但是“尚方宝剑”在古代真的存在吗?其说法源于哪个时代?

“尚方宝剑”确实存在,它是指在尚方里铸造的剑。秦代时期,有个专门为皇室制造刀剑兵器和珍服器玩的机构,叫做“尚方”。由于“尚方”所制的宝剑,锋锐无比,利可斩马,所以又被称为“斩马剑”。又因为尚方制剑是皇室的专属用剑,只能由皇室使用,所以这种宝剑从产生之初就被赋予了皇权和特权。

“尚方宝剑”在古代真的存在吗?“尚方宝剑”的说法源于哪个时代?

“尚方宝剑”的说法源于西汉成帝时。据《汉书·朱云传》记载,汉元帝死后,汉成帝即位,成帝信任和敬重他的老师张禹,任命其为丞相。但是张禹却利用这权势,处处为自己牟取私利。

一日,朱云上书请求朝见,当着满朝公卿大臣痛陈朝政积弊:“当今的朝廷大臣,对上不能匡扶皇上,对下不能有益于百姓,都是空占着职位而不做事,白吃饭的人。臣请求陛下赐一口尚方斩马剑,斩一个佞臣,以此来劝勉其他人。”

成帝问:“你要斩的是谁呀?”朱云答道:“安昌侯张禹。”成帝大怒,道:“你一个小官居于下位而毁谤上级,在朝廷上侮辱我的老师,罪死不赦!”派人将他拉下去处死,幸好左将军辛庆忌为朱云求情,朱云免去一死。由此“尚方宝剑”成为皇帝权威的象征。

但是得到“尚方宝剑”,以诛杀奸臣贼子只是妄想。戏剧中的忠臣拿着尚方宝剑能下斩奸臣也只是人们的美好期盼。

历史解密战史风云野史秘闻风云人物文史百科

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